Mississippi State Department of Health

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes


Type 2 diabetes has become a major health issue in Mississippi. Thousands of adult Mississippians live with the complications of type 2 diabetes, including lower extremity amputations, end stage renal disease, blindness, loss of protective sensation, heart disease and premature death.

Type 2 diabetes is preventable. You can delay or prevent the disease by starting with the small steps below.

Getting screened for diabetes

Diabetes screening is a simple test of your blood sugar level.

  • Screening gives you early warning of high blood sugar before it develops into diabetes.
  • Detecting high blood sugar early means it's easier to take basic steps to bring it under control – without costly medication.
  • Screening is very important if you are overweight, over 45, or have a family history of diabetes. Mississippi adults have one of the highest risks of diabetes in the nation.
  • Ask your doctor, healthcare provider or pharmacist about getting screened for diabetes.

Know Your Risk

Type 2 diabetes develops when your body loses the ability to control the sugars in the food you eat. Being overweight is a primary cause of type 2 diabetes. As your blood sugar rises, damage to organs of the body begins.

Symptoms of high blood sugar are hard to spot without testing. But you are likely to be at risk if:

If you are younger than 45 and overweight, your risk is higher if:

If you are at risk, make healthy changes, learn about symptoms, and make diabetes screening part of your regular checkups.

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by making lifestyle changes that include weight loss and more physical activity. In this video, people with prediabetes talk about how group lifestyle change classes offered as part of CDC's National Diabetes Prevention Program helped them learn and keep healthy habits.

Signs and Symptoms

Many people have no signs or symptoms. Symptoms can also be so mild that you might not even notice them. Nearly six million people in the United States have type 2 diabetes and do not know it. Here is what to look for:

If you have one or more of these symptoms, and especially if you are at higher risk, arrange a diabetes screening as soon as possible. Your doctor, drop-in clinics, and even pharmacies can provide a blood glucose test and an A1C test to screen you for type 2 diabetes.

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

Step 1: Reach and Maintain a Reasonable Body Weight

Being overweight can keep your body from using sugar properly. It can also cause high blood pressure.

The National Diabetes Prevention Program found that people who lost between 5 and 7 percent of their body weight significantly reduced their risk of type 2 diabetes. For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, losing only 10 pounds could make a difference!

Choose sensible ways to get in shape:

Step 2: Make Wise Food Choices

What you eat has a big impact on your health. By making wise food choices, you can help control your body weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol.

More about healthy eating

Step 3: Be Physically Active Every Day

Regular exercise tackles several risk factors at once. It helps you lose weight, keeps your cholesterol and blood pressure under control, and helps your body use insulin. Getting moderate active at the level of brisk walking for 30 minutes every day reduces your risk of type 2 diabetes and improves your overall health.

If you are not very active, you should start slowly, talking with your doctor first about what kinds of exercise would be safe for you. Make a plan to increase your daily activity, with the goal of being active at least 30 minutes a day most days of the week.

Choose activities you enjoy. Walking is one of the best ways to work extra activity into your daily routine:

Getting started with walking

Prevention: A Change for Life

Managing Diabetes

If you have diabetes, you can take steps to manage it. One of our self-management training programs can provide skills to help keep you as healthy as possible.

Find Out More

Links referenced
this video    https://youtu.be/mRVZ9lkubag
National Diabetes Prevention Program    https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevention/
Suggested eating plans and guide to choosing meals    http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/43,0,213,html
Benefits of walking and how to get started    http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/43,0,270,html
Diabetes self-management programs    http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/43,0,296,474,html
Diabetes Resources    http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/43,0,296,86,html

Find this page at http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/index.cfm

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